ID, SUPEREGO, EGO: DESIGN BY SIGMUND FREUD AS A STRUCTURAL MODE OF THE PSYCHE
ID: HUMAN BASIC INSTINCTS, BODILY NEEDS, WANTS, DESIRES, AND IMPULSES, OUR SEXUAL AND AGGRESSIVE DRIVES. THE ID CONTAINS THE LIBIDO WHICH IS PART OF INSTINCT VS. THE DEMANDS OF REALITY. (the pleasure principle, immediate gratification)
NEWBORN BABIES ARE "ID-RIDDEN" they are masses of instinctual drives and impulses, no good or evil, no morality...
SUPEREGO; INTERNALIZATION OF CULTURAL RULES, TAUGHT BY PARENTS, SOMETIMES CALLED THE CONSCIENCE. ALSO TEACHERS, EDUCATORS, CHOSEN PEOPLE AND ROLE MODELS ARE INCLUDED IN THE FORMING OF THE SUPEREGO.
IT PUNISHES MISBEHAVIOR WITH FEELINGS OF GUILT AND PROHIBITS HIS OR HER DRIVES, FANTASIES, FEELINGS AND ACTIONS. IT DOES INCLUDE THE EGO IDEALS, SPIRITUAL GOALS, AND IS NOT ENTIRELY UNCONSCIOUS. IT IS A BALANCE BETWEEN THE ID AND THE EGO.
EGO: IT SEEKS TO PLEASE THE ID'S DRIVE WITH REALISTIC WAYS SEEKING LONG TERM GOALS. IT IS A MEDIATOR BETWEEN THE ID AND REALITY. IT HELPS TO FUNCTION IN THE REAL WORLD AND CALM DOWN THE ID'S DEMANDS FOR IMMEDIATE GRATIFICATION.
DESIGNED BY FREUD IN THE 1920'S, THE WORD EGO ORIGINALLY MEANT A SENSE OF SELF BUT LATER REVISED IT TO MEAN JUDGEMENT, TOLERANCE, REALITY TESTING, CONTROL, PLANNING, DEFENSE, INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING AND MEMORY.
THE EGO IS PART OF THE ID BUT HAS INFLUENCE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD.
Sandra Vista Crosshatch drawing #2 pencil on paper 2007
Sandra Vista-Drawing deals with the basic drawing principles of crosshatching and making simple marks on paper. The #2 pencil is used as a primary tool on paper to create an intriguing drawing. The idea is to use simple materials like a #2 pencil to its full potential.
1. Cahill stated that the "id" was in charge during the creation of her drawings. How can a person's basic instincts influence their need to create?
2. Cahill's drawings are large scale works, how does using her entire body, the physical energy that it takes to create these works help to heal her previous medical issues.
3. Cahill describes her drawings as "erotic landscapes", this terms does not only have a sexual connotation but also has to do with emotional feelings. A landscapes is something with a large field of vision. How does having a larger focus help an artist with their work and increased creativity?
4. Compare Nancy Baker Cahill and Sandra Vista's drawings, how are they similar in execution (using materials, imagery, emotions) and how do they differ (scale, ideas for creation,...)